A forklift is a powered industrial machine (or truck) used to lift loads with the aid of hydraulics. Also, used to move loads short distances. The steering aspect of forklifts differs from other wheeled vehicles as they must have rear-wheeled steering. Rear-wheel steering gives these machines the advantage of increased manoeuvrability when faced with tight cornering situations. The exception to this rule are the Articulated counterbalance trucks. These forklifts have front wheeled steering and are designed to operate in narrow areas when loading or offloading. There are many supliers of forklifts for sale in Australia.
Forks-the forks on the machine are also known as tines or blades and operate by sliding up or down on a mast.
Mast – the mast is the vertical structure the forks are controlled with, allowing the raising, and lowering of the load by hydraulic action. The mast can be tilted forward or backwards, allowing it’s safe operating on the non-level ground, within reason. Also, the height of the mast never varies allowing it’s operation in height restricted areas such as containers.
Tires-for inside use is normally solid whereas when used mainly outdoors they are fitted with pneumatic tires.
Frame – the mast, axles, wheels, counterweight, overhead guard (cab), and power source are all attached to the frame for strength and safety reasons.
Counterweight – is attached to the rear of the forklift to counterbalance the load lifted.
Cab– secured to the frame, acts as an overhead guard, protecting the operator from falling objects.
Power sources –Internal combustion engine; powered by diesel, petrol, LPG, or CNG.
-Electric; powered by fuel cells or battery.